Natural News

Imagine you are seated in a space filled with public exhibiting all their diverse and obviously visible human traits. Most easily detected are gender, height, and weight, followed by size, age, and race or ethnicity. Your eyes scan the room, not in search of differences, but instead seeking out similarities profound in their ability to link you to another. However, in this scenario, one thing you may have in common is not discernible to the eye. Ready for a surprise? You may share with several of your “roommates” an identical composition of gut bacteria, placing you in one of potentially three categories only recently identified as enterotypes. Of course, expressing curiosity as to someone’s “gut type” isn’t a great way to begin a conversation. It could quickly get you shunned, if not slapped. It obviously is not a very sexy topic, but when placed within the context of functional modules meant to advance our knowledge of human health, it is uniquely provocative.

While many in the natural health community were learning how to best integrate probiotics and fermented foods into their diet for improved digestive health, a select group of scientists were busy cataloging the whole genetic code of gut microbiota. This research involves that mysterious internal world hosting about 50 trillion bacteria. In an effort to categorize micro-organics associated with human beings in both healthy and diseased states, researchers have begun the lofty task of sequencing microbial DNA. They have now moved from acknowledging microbial symbiosis to considering its purposes in the human body, and onward to mapping of the human microbiome. Their efforts have reaped a sizable reward.

A recent study published in Nature looked at the collective microbiotic environment involving 39 individuals from 6 different countries. These individuals, selected from a broad range of unique characteristics, offered up a seductive conclusion. All individuals fell within one of three unique enterotypes: (1) bacteroides; (2) prevotella; and (3) ruminococcus.

The potential is this: each enterotype-defining genre has been linked to nutrient processing preferences. Bacteroides have a preference for carbohydrates. Prevotella have an affinity for proteins. Ruminococcus prefer mucins and sugars.

These microbes are not just hanging out with little to do, but they have evolved along with human beings, providing important contributions in return for their use of the body as their home. Imbalances of bacteria have been linked to numerous diseases including cancer, asthma, autoimmune diseases, and obesity. According to Bill Wikoff, a Scripps Research Institute biophysicist, “If you want to use bacteria in an intelligent way, you really need to know what affect bacteria have on the biochemistry of the person.”

The study of these microbes is still in the infancy stage, but that should not detract from its extraordinary value for the picture of human health. What we have thus far, as well as what we could potentially learn, is quite extraordinary. These communities of bacteria, now classified together for the first time in one of only three groups, are just a tiny drop in an ocean of knowledge waiting to be discovered. Yet it moves us forward on what should be an exciting and illuminating journey.

It is hopeful that a comprehensive body of knowledge will soon be available to better understand the role of enterotypes on our health. This vast community of bacteria to whom our body plays the hoped-for genial host is at our service. Expanding our knowledge of their purpose will help us improve our overall health by improving the symbiotic relationship with our inner terrain.

Khan Jahan is an expert on Nature. To know more please visit on

Kieran Culkin

MLB Trade Rumors part two

Boston Red Sox

The Red Sox don’t really need more pitching, and after acquiring Adrian Gonzalez, GM Theo Epstein would probably be reluctant to deal any more top prospects. Still, you can’t count Boston out of any blockbuster deal.

The key to this deal would be 23-year-old southpaw Felix Doubront. After posting a 2.81 ERA through 80 innings split between Double-A Portland and Triple-A Pawtucket, he looked respectable in a 25-inning stint with the big-league club. Yet for some reason, Boston seems eager to trade him, where to buy MLB Jerseys? maybe ujersy is a good choice.

Also headed to the Royals would be 19-year-old Stolmy Pimentel, who BA just called the team’s third-best pitching prospect (now that Casey Kelly is gone), and Yamaico Navarro, a 23-year-old infielder who hit .275/.356/.437 at Double-A and Triple-A in 2010.

St. Louis Cardinals

Adam Wainwright. Chris Carpenter. Zack Greinke. With apologies to the Phillies’ “H2O” group, adding Greinke to the Cardinals’ already intimidating rotation would make theirs the best pitching staff in the game.

The centerpiece of this deal would be Colby Rasmus. Ranked the third-best prospect in the game on BA‘s list before the 2009 season, Rasmus hit .276/.361/.498 with 23 homers and 12 steals this year.

Not the kind of player you’d expect to be on the trading block, but after Rasmus was benched for no good reason several times during the season and his public feud with manager Tony La Russa, the front office has to at least consider shopping him.

Rasmus for Greinke seems like a fair swap, but of course, these things never work out as simply as they could.

So we’ll throw in shortstopBrendan Ryan, who lost his starting job in St. Louis when the team traded for Ryan Theriot.

Baltimore Orioles

The Orioles making a play for a big name? Stranger things have happened, and Baltimore appears ready to spend in an effort to avoid complete humiliation in the AL East.

This deal would begin with 22-year-old right-hander Chris Tillman. Tillman has yet to find much success in the majors (4-10, 5.61 ERA in 2009-10), but his minor league track record (40-31, 3.69 ERA) and the no-hitter he threw at Triple-A in April suggest he will soon grow into his talent.

Twenty-four-year-old righty David Hernandez has had a similar story, to a lesser extent: his 4.93 ERA in the bigs over the last two years is a significant drop-off from his 3.84 career MiLB mark. Hernandez has been an oft-discussed name so far this winter.

Rounding out the deal is 20-year-old right-hander David Bundy, who posted a 3.65 ERA in 116 innings at Single-A Delmarva this year.

San Diego Padres

As far as I know, no one has connected Greinke to the Padres, but San Diego’s farm system just got a huge jump-start from the Adrian Gonzalez trade. If the Royals were willing to eat some salary, the Friars could be fits.

I hope Casey Kelly hasn’t unpacked yet, because he’s the first one to get his ticket booked for Kansas City. The former Red Sox’ top prospect encountered some difficulties adjusting to full-time pitching in 2010, but he still posted a healthy 2.3 K/BB ratio with Double-A Portland, if you want to buy Colorado Rockies Jerseys, go to ujersy.

Meanwhile, Matt Lollis, 20, had a great year with Low-A Eugene and Single-A Fort Wayne, going 7-4 with a 2.12 ERA in 89 innings.

Ordinarily, that would probably be enough. But to compensate for the salary the Royals would eat, the Friars would throw in 21-year-old lefty Pedro Hernandez. More impressive than his 3.57 career MiLB ERA in 226.2 innings is his fantastic 6.06 K/BB ratio over the last four years.

More information please views: MLB Trade Rumors part two provides over 100,000 products worldwide wholesale, including NFL, MLB, NBA and Soccer, most of which cost less than . Welcome to purchasing

Keira Knightley